Intermediate Tlingit

This page is designed to help students and followers of Intermediate Tlingit at the University of Alaska Southeast. Classes can be viewed here on YouTube and the handouts for the class are listed below the date.

For beginning resources, please purchase and/or download the following items:

Beginning Tlingit Workbook (2nd edition) by X̱ʼunei
Tlingit Dictionary (current draft) by X̱ʼunei
Tlingit Verb Dictionary (yellow dictionary) by Gillian L. Story and Constance M. Naish
Lingít X̱ʼéináx̱ Sá (a Lingít phrasebook) by Nora Marks Dauenhauer and Richard Dauenhauer

Also, please bookmark or download the Tlingit Verb Database updated webpage by Keri Eggleston • Project webpage

For intermediate resources, please purchase and/or download the following items:

Haa Wsineix̱ Haa Yoo X̱ʼatángi (a grammar of Lingít for intermediate learners) by X̱ʼunei
Tlingit Reference Guide (a handbook for using verbs) by X̱ʼunei

Haa Shuka (Lingít Oral Literature) by Nora Marks Dauenhauer and Richard Dauenhauer
Haa Tuwunáagu Yís (Lingít Ḵu.éexʼ Speeches) by Nora Marks Dauenhauer and Richard Dauenhauer

For advanced resources, please purchase and/or download the following items:

Tlingit Stem List (a list of Lingít verb stems) by Jeff Leer
Tlingit Verbs Notes (handwritten notes on Lingít verbs) by Jeff Leer
Verbal Structure Handbook (a collection of tables to interpret and assemble verbs) by James Crippen

Students should look at other Tlingit language resources, which can be found on the Resources tab of this website.



Intermediate Tlingit I – Fall Semester 2020

We will be meeting using Zoom meeting software. You can access our class by clicking here.

Additional Course Documents:

Tlingit Curriculum Shared Folder

Lingít Verbs (document)

Jeff Leer Verbs (typed)

Leer Noun list: noun-database-combined-alphabetical (numbers), noun-database-combined-alphabetical (excel), noun-list (html)

Old Texts for Retype & Translation

October 15, 2020 (watch class)
Overcoming obstacles, dialogue practice, object pronouns
Handouts: chat (txt)

October 13, 2020 (watch class)
Sharing yoo x̱ʼatánk, Q&A, Xíxchʼ Aawasháayi Yées Sháatkʼ, Object pronouns & verb changes
Handouts: chat (txt), 

October 08, 2020 (watch class)
Sharing yoo x̱ʼatánk, Xíxchʼ Aawasháayi Yées Sháatkʼ
Handouts: chat (txt), Aadé X̱áat Duxáashi Yé (pdf, iBooks)

October 06, 2020 (watch class)
Time & Sequence, Xíxchʼ Aawasháayi Yées Sháatkʼ
Handouts: chat (txt), Time & Sequence (slideshow)

October 01, 2020 (watch class)
Xíxchʼ Aawasháayi Yées Sháatkʼ
Handouts: chat (txt), Encouragement (slideshow)

September 29. 2020 (watch class)
Q&A, Xíxchʼ Aawasháayi Yées Sháatkʼ
Handouts: chat (txt), Xíxch’ Yées Sháatk’ Aawasháa (slideshow)

September 24, 2020 (watch class)
Q&A, Noun Suffixes, Talking about self & others, plural pronouns
Handout: chat (txt), for others see Sep 22 class.

September 22, 2020 (watch class)
Time (days, weeks, months, seasons), Q&A, Kayaaní name game, Little Readings in Tlingit, noun suffixes
Handouts & Links: chat (txt), class notes (pdf), Intermediate Tlingit Possession Handout (slideshow), Kaséix̱ ḵa Jina.áakw — Haa atx̱aayí ḵa Haa Ḵusteeyí daat (YouTube Video)

September 17, 2020 (watch class)
Q&A, Wáa sá iduwasáakw, Daaḵw.aa naax̱ sá isitee? Nouns, adjectives, and suffixes.
Link: Let’s Learn Clinket videos

September 15, 2020 (watch class)
Q&A, Little Readings in Tlingit, Beginning Tlingit Workbook Chapter 2.
Handout: Chat (txt)

September 10, 2020 (watch class)
Q&A, Hintak.ádi, Chapter One & Two Beginning Tlingit Workbook

September 8, 2020 (watch class)
Q&A, Sound practice, Aadé x̱ʼaduwóosʼi yé
Handout: Aadé X̱ʼaduwóosʼi Yé (How to Ask Questions, slideshow)

September 3, 2020 (watch class)
Q&A, Sounds & Intro to Tlingit, Time
Handout: Beginning Tlingit 01 (slideshow)

September 1, 2020 (watch class)
Introductions, Yéil ḵa X̱ʼaan, Land Animal Challenge, Yatseeneit
Handout: Yéil ḵa X̱ʼaan (untranslated slideshow)

August 27, 2020 (watch class)
Introductions, Q&A, Learning Techniques, Overcoming Trauma, Intro to Tlingit, Sound Practice
Handout: Beginning Tlingit 01 (slideshow)

August 25, 2020 (watch class)
Introductions, how to learn, words from the masters
Handout: Words of the Masters

Intermediate Tlingit II – Spring Semester 2019


Aak’wtaatseen Tlingit Only (midterm translation assignment)

FINAL PROJECT (Due Tuesday April 30): Tlingit_Domain_Reclaimation

At Gadax̱ít Yinaa Dísi 01 (watch class)
Final presentations

Xʼéig̱aa Kayaaní Dísi 26 (watch class)
Sharing sentences, final project prepping, Aakʼwtaatseen, Future verb mode

Xʼéig̱aa Kayaaní Dísi 24 (watch class)
Sharing language, bases & suffixes, summer language activities
Handouts:verb_perfective_&_future, tlingit_bases_suffixes, tipitap, GHF_Children_Book

Xʼéig̱aa Kayaaní Dísi 18 (watch class)
Sharing language, Xunaa Sentences, Perfective Verbs, Final assignments

Xʼéig̱aa Kayaaní Dísi 16 (watch class)
Final classes & projects, q&a, perfective verbs, bases & suffixes

Xʼéig̱aa Kayaaní Dísi 11 (watch class)
Q&A, the perfective, verb prefixes & stems
Handouts: 03-The-Perfective-(handout), verb_perfective_2, 04-the-future-handout, 08 charlie white

Xʼéig̱aa Kayaaní Dísi 09 (watch class)
Seasons, Q&A, sharing sentences, bases & suffixes, positional pronouns
Handouts: notes-10

Xʼéig̱aa Kayaaní Dísi 02 (watch class)
Little Readings, Q&A, Perfective Verbs
Handouts: notes-09

Héen Taanáx̱ Kayaaní Dísi 28 (watch class)
Dialogue Presentations, Aakʼwtaatseen
Handouts: notes-08

Héen Taanáx̱ Kayaaní Dísi 26 (watch class)
Dialogue Presentations
Handouts: notes-04, notes-05, notes-06, notes-07

Héen Taanáx̱ Kayaaní Dísi 21 (watch class)
Sharing sentences & resources

Héen Taanáx̱ Kayaaní Dísi 19 (watch class)
Conversations, Q&A, negative modes, classifiers, conjugating verbs.
Handouts: negation in tlingit verbs, GHF_Children_Book


Héen Taanáx̱ Kayaaní Dísi 7 (watch class)
Words of our elders, sharing sentences, Perfective verbs
Handouts: tlingit-quotations, verb_perfective_1

Héen Taanáx̱ Kayaaní Dísi 5 (watch class)
Sharing sentences, Áakʼwtaatseen translation
Handout: Aak’wtaatseen Tlingit Only (d0c), Aak’wtaatseen Tlingit Only (pages)

Sʼeek Dísi 28 (watch class)
Little Readings in Tlingit, Bases & Suffixes, Perfective & Verbal Structure
Handout: Perfective Verb Mode (slideshow)

Sʼeek Dísi 26 (watch class)
sharing sentences, resources, suffixes, translation
Handout: tlingit_bases_suffixes (slideshow)

Sʼeek Dísi 22 (watch class)
Sharing language, perfective verbs, puppet shows, beaver & porcupine, Little Readings in Tlingit
Handouts: 03-The-Perfective-(handout), Sʼigeidí ḵa X̱ʼalakʼáchʼ Shkalneek

Sʼeek Dísi 20 (watch class)
Sharing language, stories, Little Readings in Tlingit, grammar & verbs

Sʼeek Dísi 14, 2019 (watch class)
Hintak.ádi, games, describing things, repetitive nouns, direction & location, motion, suffixes, Sʼigeidí ḵa X̱alakʼáchʼ.
Handouts: Tlingit Through Placenames (slideshow), Sʼigeidí ḵa X̱alakʼáchʼ

Sʼeek Dísi 12, 2019 (watch class)
yoo x̱ʼadudli.átgi, x̱ʼakaduneek, throwing verbs
Handout: noun-database-combined-alphabetical

Sʼeek Dísi 7, 2019 (watch class)
nouns & sentences, translation work, verbs (read chapter 9 in Haa Wsineix̱ Haa Yoo X̱ʼatángi), Ḵaalḵáawu yoo x̱ʼatángi.

Sʼeek Dísi 5, 2019 (watch class)
haa yoo x̱ʼatángi yéi jineiyí, yá haa yoo x̱ʼatángi daat woosh kaanáx̱ gax̱tuda.áat, yax̱ ḵuhá, yakyee, dís, táakw, gaaw, yéi daadunéiyi át.
Handouts: tlingit-timetlingit-studycard-verbs (updated)

January 31, 2019 (watch class)
át kawdliyeejí át wutuwasáakw, verbs, structure.
Handouts: tlingit-timevisualizing_verbal_structure

January 29, 2019 (watch class)
wooch een yoo x̱ʼadudli.átgi (conversation), haa yoo x̱ʼatangi yéi jineiyí (our language work), yéi daadunéiyi át (verbs)
Handouts: Aak’wtaatseen Tlingit Only (midterm translation assignment), tlingit-studycard-verbs

January 24, 2019 (watch class)
Introductions, compound words, nouns, verbs
Handouts: notes-03, haa_saaxʼú

January 22, 2019 (watch class)
Birds, Forming questions, Verbal Structure
intermediate-tlingit-questions, notes-02

January 17, 2019 (watch class)
Introductions, dleit, forming questions
Handout: Tlingit Questions & Grammar, dleitnotes-01

January 15, 2019 (watch class)
Introductions, language goals & needs, semester overview, learning and use ideas.
Handout: GHF Children’s Book (draft)


Intermediate Tlingit I – Fall Semester – 2018



December 11, 2018 (watch class)
Final presentations

December 06, 2018 (watch class)
grammar discussions, the perfective, finals presentations, kinship
Handouts: Eggleston_Verbs, Jeff Leer Verbs (typed), Tlingit Verb Conjugation, conjugation party blanks, tlingit_bases_suffixes, conjugation-party

December 04, 2018 (watch class)
pronouns, Yéil ḵa X̱ʼaan, suffixes, kinship, verbs
Handouts: notes-14, yeil_kha_xh’aan_translate, tlingit-studycard-1-new

November 29. 2018 (watch class)
Common phrases, negative verbs, antonym verbs, nouns & compound nouns, kinship
Handout: useful-phrases, negation, adjectives & adverbs

November 27, 2018 (watch class)
Reflections, verbal structure, Peanuts, wanting, verbs.
Handouts: notes-13

November 08, 2018 (watch class)
Language Summit planning, learner created dialogues, Q&A, Yéil ḵa Anóoshan Aaní

November 01, 2018 (watch class)
Tlingit Alphabet cards & making sentences, feelings, learning tips, learner-selected vocabulary

October 30, 2018 (watch class)
Language summit, intro to adverbs & adjectives, learner created dialogues, body parts, feelings
Handout: notes-11

October 25, 2018 (watch class)
Learner created dialogues, Q&A, weather, verb modes, feelings, body parts
Handouts: notes-10

October 23, 2018 (watch class)
Learner created dialogues, time.
Handout: tlingit-time

October 16, 2018 (watch class)
Location & direction, verbal structure, weather

October 11, 2018 (watch class)
History of Tlingit documentation, weather.
Handout: migrations

October 9, 2018 (watch class)
Q&A, who we are, direction & location.
Handouts: , notes-07

October 4, 2018 (watch class)
Weather, changing verbs, pronouns.
Handout: notes-06

October 2, 2018 (watch class)
Q&A, talking about self, clan, and family, checking in on the learning process
Handout: notes-05

September 27, 2018 (watch class)
át kawdliyeeji át, cooking verbs, introductions, common phrases
Handouts: useful-phrases, notes-04

September 25, 2018 (watch class)
Q&A, class assignments, pronouns, verbs
Handout: Weekly_Goal_Sheet, pronouns, negation

September 20, 2018 (watch class)
Possessive pronouns & suffixes, tech day, having.

September 18, 2018 (watch class)
Q&A, noun suffixes, possessive pronouns, possessing nouns
Handout: placenames

September 13, 2018 (watch class)
Q&A, opposites, question particles, Beginning Tlingit nouns, pronouns, introduction to noun suffixes
Handout: opposites, Tlingit_Suffix_Introduction

September 11, 2018 (watch class)
Sʼigeidí ḵa X̱alakʼáchʼ shkalneek, Q&A, sound practice, space, forming questions.

September 06, 2018 (watch class)
Learning methods, studying methods, sound practice, greetings & departures.

September 04, 2018 (watch class)
Introductions, making & recalling lists, elder visit (yay!), basic verbal structure, the classifier, sound practice

August 30, 2018 (watch class)
Introductions, Learning Tlingit, Intro to the Tlingit Language
handout: Beginning Tlingit Slideshow, Alaska Native Language Map (from ANLC)

August 28, 2018 (watch class)
Introductions, learning Tlingit, wisdom from the elders


Intermediate Tlingit II – Spring Semester – 2018

Final Translation Project (Due May 4 by 11:59 pm)


May 1, 2018 (watch class)
Final projects. Final translations. Hóochʼ

April 26, 2018 (watch class)
Translation exercises.

April 24, 2018 (watch class)
Translation exercises

April 17, 2018 (watch class)
Prospective Aspect in Tlingit by Éedaa, translation.

April 12, 2018 (watch class)
Immersion (family & loved ones), story translation (handout on April 5 class)

April 10, 2018 (watch class)
Particles, Q&A, story translation, perfective mode (with thematic prefix)

April 5, 2018 (watch class)
Immersion: summer plans, Yéil ḵa Du Káak Shkalneek, xʼúxʼ wutuwatóow
Handout: summer_plans, A1_WomanMarriedFrog_Tlingit_book

April 3, 2018 (watch class)
Eating, verb modes, perfective verbs
Handout: perfective-1

March 27, 2018 (watch class)
Q&A, using resources, translation techniques, perfective verbs, classifiers, modes.
Handouts: 03-The-Perfective-(handout)Perfective,

March 20, 2018 (watch class)

March 20, 2018 (watch class)
Hiccough, Verbal Structure, Reading Themes, Perfective Mode
Handout: verb-sluething-1

March 8, 2018 (watch class)
Little Readings, Conjugations, Language for the Home
Handout: Little_readingsObject_Subject_2

March 6, 2018 (watch class)
Little Readings, Time & Verb Themes
Handout: tlingit-time

March 1, 2018 (watch class)
Verb Conjugations, Little Readings, Immersion (moving & migrating).
Handout: migrations

February 27, 2018 (watch class)
Little Readings in Tlingit, Verbal Structure, Object-Subject Combinations.
Handouts: Litte Readings (partial), Verb Work

February 22, 2018 (watch class)
Reflecting on learning, verb monsters, object-subject combinations
Handout: Object_Subject

February 20, 2018 (watch class)
Learning Tlingit, languages & families, snow, placenames, verb monsters.
Handouts: dleitVerb_Monsters

February 15, 2018 (watch class)
Immersion, introductions, talking about self & family, describing things. Class visits by Shaag̱aa.éesh & Kingeistí.
Handout: immersion phrases

February 13, 2018 (watch class)
Opposites, Translation Exercises, Verbal Structure.
Handouts: Opposites, Kahoot Game

February 8, 2018 (watch class)
Immersion. Describing things, naming things.
Handout: Tlingit Descriptions

February 6, 2018 (watch class)
Translation exercises, time.
Handout: sentence_excercises-03

February 1, 2018 (watch class)
Tlingit immersion
Handout: immersion-1

January 30, 2018 (watch class)
Translation Exercises, Adverbs, Verb Drills
Handouts: sentence_excercises-02adjectives & adverbspronouns-grammar

January 25, 2018 (watch class)
Translation exercises
Handouts: sentence_excercises-01Haa Hítxʼi Yís

January 23, 2018 (watch class)
Particles, immersion phrases, translation, Táaxʼaa translation
Handout: YTT Mentor-Apprentice Immersion Phrases

January 18, 2018 (watch class)
Immersion techniques, conversational phrases, noun review, Táaxʼaa translation

January 16, 2018 (watch class)
conversation, immersion strategies, nouns, Táaxʼaa shkalneek


Intermediate Tlingit I – Fall Semester – 2017

Starting September 28, 2017, we will be using different web meeting software.


Things Iʼd Like to Say (Google Spreadsheet)

Nouns spreadsheet (web page)

Online Dictionary (web page)


December 7, 2017 (watch class)
Action verbs, objects & subjects, semester wrap-up

December 5, 2017 (watch class)
Placenames, direction & location, motion verbs, action verbs
Handout: class-notes-11

November 30, 2017 (watch class)
Kinship terms, motion verbs, object & subject pronouns.
Handout: class-notes-10

November 28, 2017 (watch class)
listening & translation exercise, direction & location
Handout: Learning Tlingit Through Placenames (slideshow), Raven Loses His Nose by Austin Hammond

November 21, 2017 (watch class)
Base & suffix combinations
Handout: tlingit_bases_suffixes, class-notes-09Daanaawaaḵ – Raven Loses Nose

Noveber 16, 2017 (watch class)
Sample sentences, Q&A, reading & translation practice
Handout: Saagóot ḵa Shaadá Shkalneegí: Tléixʼ (corrected version)

November 14, 2017 (watch class)
Directions & Locations, Possessing Nouns, Sample Sentences
Handout: Tlingit Through Placenames (slideshow)

October 26, 2017 (watch class)
Reading & Translation Exercises, Noun Suffixes, Adjectives
Handouts: Tlingit Possessives Worksheetintermediate-tlingit-possessionpronouns-grammar

October 24, 2017 (watch class)
Reading & Translation Exercises, Noun Suffixes, Adjectives
Handout: Noun-Suffixes

October 19, 2017 (watch class)
Reading & Translation Exercise, Feelings

October 17, 2017 (watch class)
Sharing language, reading & translation exercise, feelings & verbs
Handout: class-notes-07

October 12, 2017 (watch class)
Readings & translation practice, looking up verbs, feelings & body parts

October 10, 2017 (watch class)
Readings & translation practice, Weather, verb modes.
Handout: weather&verbsWeather (slides)

October 5, 2017 (watch class)
Name game: plants, noun & spelling practice, Beginning Tlingit review (weather), verb modes

October 3, 2017 (watch class)
Verb Modes, Noun Review & Spelling Practice, Beginning Tlingit Review
Handout: Tlingit Verb Modes (slides)

September 28, 2017 (watch class)
Beginning Tlingit Review, Opposites, Areal & Other Prefixes
Handout: Opposites (slideshow)

September 26, 2017 (watch class)
Tribute to Ḵeixwnéi, Beginning Tlingit Review
Handouts: Ḵeixwnéi Haa Tóot Aawatee Latseen (video)

September 21, 2017 (watch class)
Listening Exercise, Beginning Tlingit Review, Pronouns, Verb Conjugation
Handouts: class-notes-06TlingitVerbConjugation

September 19, 2017 (watch class)
Beginning Tlingit Review, Verb Conjugation
handout: class-notes-05

September 14, 2017 (watch class)
Tlingit time, Learning to Use Verbs
handout: tlingit-timeclass-notes-04

September 12, 2017 (watch class)
Beginning Tlingit Review, Pronouns, Grammar
Handout: pronouns-grammar, class-notes-03Beginning Tlingit Benchmarks

September 7, 2017 (watch class)
Tlingit Questions & Phrases, Beginning Tlingit Review
Handout: Tlingit_Questions_Phrases

September 5, 2017 (watch class)
Beginning Tlingit Review

August 29, 2017 (watch class)
Class introductions. Overview. Review!
Handout: Beginning Tlingit Slideshow

August 31, 2017 (watch class)
Sharing Tlingit language, Shaadaaxʼ X̱ʼéidáx̱ Shkalneek, Learning philosophies
Handouts: 04 robert zuboff,


Intermediate Tlingit II – Spring Semester — 201604 robert zuboff

March 31, 2016 (watch class)
Content: Learning the Perfective Mode, Subjects, Objects
Handouts: Tlingit Verb Conjugation: an interactive look at verb components

February 9, 2016 (watch class)
Content: Listening to Tlingit, Sentence Structure, Place names, Noun Review, Spelling
12-03 KM R Brown Bears
12-03 KM Raven & Brown Bear – final
alphabet poster

Intermediate Tlingit I – Fall Semester — 2015

November 19, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Verb conjugation, review, directions, locations, motion …
Handout: Beginning Tlingit Nouns & Verb Overview Slideshow

November 17, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Direction & Location, Motion Verbs, Shkalneek

November 12, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Presentations, Verb Work, Chʼa daa sá
Handout: verbal-structure-handbook (Crippen)

November 10, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Presentations

November 5, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Verb Conjugations, Interjections & Phrases, Raven Story, and more!

The fire control panel

The fire control panel

November 3, 2015 (watch video)
Content: Conjugating Verbs, Pronouns, Preparing for Presentations, Direction & Location, Noun Suffixes
Handout: verb-complex-o-s-class-01

October 27, 2015 (watch video)
Content: Directional & Location Terms, Placenames, Basic Verbal Structure, Review
Handout: Tlingit Basic Verbal Structure tlingit-grammar-blocks-2-01

October 22, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Directional & Location Terms, Placenames …
Handout: Tlingit Through Placenames (slideshow)

October 15, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Tricky Nouns, Modifying Nouns, Directional & Relational Terms

October 13, 2015 (watch class)
Content: suffix rules, modifying nouns, beginning Tlingit review, Raven & Killer Whales story
Handout: 06-08 SJ Raven & Killerwhales – final

October 8, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Interjections, Common Phrases, Modifying Nouns …

October 6, 2015 (watch class)
Content: body parts, kinship, pronouns, modifying nouns, Beginning Tlingit review
Handouts: body-parts-broken-apart, adjectives & adverbs

October 1, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Beginning Tlingit Review, Nouns, Modifying Nouns, Verbs

September 29, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Beginning Tlingit Review, Nouns, Modifiers

September 24, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Fire Alarms and Shenanigans, Beginning Tlingit Review VI, Parts of Speech, Nouns, Shkalneek.
Handout: Tlingit Basic Verbal Structure Tlingit Parts of Speech 1

September 22, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Hintak.ádi Quiz, Beginning Tlingit Review V, Nouns, Shkalneek

September 17, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Beginning Tlingit Review IV, Shkalneek

September 15, 2015 (watch class)
Handout: Listen: The Education of Nora Dauenhauer
Content: Beginning Tlingit Review III, Shkalneek

September 10, 2015 (watch class)
Handout: shkalneek
Content: Beginning Tlingit Review II, Shkalneek

September 8, 2015 (watch class)
Content: Beginning Tlingit Review I, learning philosophies & teaching methodologies

September 3, 2015 (watch class)
Content: syllabus, introductions, learning philosophies

September 1, 2015 (watch class)
Handout: AKL205 SyllabusAKL 205 Pretest
Content: syllabus, introductions, learning philosophies